• Providing scientific papers and papers within the framework of the conference themes.
  • Research submission in English or Arabic.
  • The maximum number of research pages is (30) pages and the number of scientific papers in the range of (20) pages.
  • Papers previously published or presented at other conferences should not be submitted.
  • The authors’ submission of a manuscript implies that the authors agree to assign copyright to Gulf University when the manuscript is accepted for publication.
  • Research papers and scientific papers are written in English or Arabic using Times Roman word font 14 size, and the distance between the lines: 1.2.
  • All parts of an article must be in the form of a single column, including the first part of the search, including the title, the researcher’s name, the summary, and a list of keywords.
  • The research should be written in a sound language, taking care of the control, drawing, shapes, and dictation specification. The research should include a summary.
  • Tables: Each of the figures and tables are numbered consecutively according to the search, provided with addresses.
  • Footnotes: footnotes are used to indicate any note or to illustrate any information in the search body.
  • Selected research is published in the journal indexed by Scopus.

Submission of Abstract

To submit abstracts/manuscripts, authors have to register at the conference website, through which you can submit the required information and the manuscript. Further, authors can also submit the abstract through the email of the conference (icaf@gulfuniversity.edu.bh). An abstract is a concise report of a study. It includes the purpose of the research, the research question/s, the method, findings, and conclusion. It ranges from 150 -250 words. It is written from an objective viewpoint, uses active reporting verbs; for example, This study investigated. The abstract contains the keywords readers are likely to use when searching journal databases.

Submission of Full Manuscript

Authors must submit the full manuscript through the conference website or the email of the conference (icaf@gulfuniversity.edu.bh). A research manuscript usually contains the following key elements:

  • Title: The title should be concise, no more than 12 words, and should capture the main topic, the variables used in the study. The title should avoid unnecessary words. The study should provide the reader with the key information that identifies the study’s main features.
  • Author’s name, institutional affiliation, and contact details: Include all authors’ names and affiliations (including departments) and the author’s full contact information to whom correspondence should be directed.
  • Abstract: The abstract should include the purpose of the research, the research question/s, the method, findings, and conclusion. It should be between 150 and 250 words and written from an objective viewpoint, using active reporting verbs. The abstract contains the keywords readers are likely to use when searching journal databases.
  • Introduction: The introduction should identify the problem to be studied; establish the study’s significance to the field of knowledge; state the research question/s and hypothesis/es; identify the research strategy. The introduction should give the reader an overview of the paper’s content and its order.
  • Literature review: A review of the literature preceding the paper, focusing on key studies/papers that have contributed to the current understandings of the topic, should be provided. The literature review’s final part should pose the research question or a hypothesis as a logical conclusion to the literature reviewed.
  • Method: The method section should detail how the research study was designed and address how the current research improves on previous attempts to study the topic and/or expands the topic’s knowledge base.
  • Results: The results section should report the data collected and summarize the outcomes appropriately, without bias or justification for the results; it factually reports data whether it supports the research hypothesis statement or not.
  • Discussion: The discussion should review and analyze the results; it should address the results in relation to the research question and hypothesis/es. Further, it should attempt to make sense of and extract meaning from the results in a scholarly way. It should include descriptions of the findings with respect to the process and its drawbacks or achievements. The research discussed in the literature review should be included in the explications. Additional experiments can be referred to if they are applicable to the interpretations and/or if they give a new interpretation to the data. Moreover, Similarities and discrepancies between the other studies and the present research can be used to “contextualize, confirm, and clarify” the interpretations.
  • Conclusion: The conclusion should summarize the whole study. The analysis question/s, the hypothesis/s and what the report was seeking to answer should be restated. It should outline the main findings and the conclusions drawn in the debate; then, the importance of the research can then be related to the wider knowledge base of the field of study. Special suggestions should be made for future study, if appropriate.
  • References: All references cited in the text must appear in the reference list to allow the paper’s sources to be found and followed through by the reader; it also gives credit to authors that have been consulted for their ideas during the production of the paper.
  • Appendices and Supplemental materials should be included where necessary.